foil

foil
foil1 [foil]
vt.
[ME foilen < OFr fuler, to trample on, subdue: see FULL2]
1. to keep from being successful; thwart; frustrate
2. Hunting to make (a scent, trail, etc.) confused, as by recrossing, in order to balk the pursuers
n.
1. Archaic the scent or trail of an animal
2. Archaic a thwarting
SYN.- FRUSTRATE
foil2 [foil]
n.
[ME < OFr fuil (Fr feuille), a leaf < L folia < folium, leaf: see FOLIATE]
1. a leaflike, rounded space or design between cusps or in windows, etc., as in Gothic architecture
2. a very thin sheet or leaf of metal; specif., such a sheet, as of aluminum, used for wrapping food, etc.
3. the metal coating on the back of a mirror
4. a thin leaf of polished metal placed under an inferior or artificial gem to give it brilliance
5. a person or thing that sets off or enhances another by contrast
vt.
1. to cover or back with foil
2. Rare to serve as a contrast to
3. to decorate (windows, etc.) with foils
foil3 [foil]
n.
[< ?]
1. a long, thin fencing sword with a button on the point to prevent injury: see SWORD
2. [pl.] the art or sport of fencing with foils

English World dictionary. . 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Foil — may refer to:Materials: * Metal leaf, a thin sheet of metal * Aluminium foil, a type of wrapping for food * Plastic foil, a thin layer of plastics Fluid Mechanics: * Foil (fluid mechanics), a type of wing or blade used to provide lift * Foil… …   Wikipedia

  • Foil — Foil, n. [OE. foil leaf, OF. foil, fuil, fueil, foille, fueille, F. feuille, fr. L. folium, pl. folia; akin to Gr. ?, and perh. to E. blade. Cf. {Foliage}, {Folio}.] 1. A leaf or very thin sheet of metal; as, brass foil; tin foil; gold foil.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Foil — Foil, n. 1. Failure of success when on the point of attainment; defeat; frustration; miscarriage. Milton. [1913 Webster] Nor e er was fate so near a foil. Dryden. [1913 Webster] 2. A blunt weapon used in fencing, resembling a smallsword in the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Foil — (foil), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Foiled} (foild); p. pr. & vb. n. {Foiling}.] [F. fouler to tread or trample under one s feet, to press, oppress. See {Full}, v. t.] 1. To tread under foot; to trample. [1913 Webster] King Richard . . . caused the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • foil — [ fɔjl ] n. m. • 1979; mot angl. « feuille, lame » ♦ Anglic. Plan porteur équipant les bateaux capables de déjauger. Foils latéraux de l hydroptère. ● foil nom masculin (anglais foil, feuille) Plan porteur inclinable destiné aux embarcations… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • FOIL — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda FOIL es un algoritmo usado en informática en el campo de la inteligencia artificial y más concretamente en el campo de la programación lógica inductiva (ILP) para aprender reglas de la lógica de primer orden que… …   Wikipedia Español

  • foil — Ⅰ. foil [1] ► VERB ▪ prevent the success of. ORIGIN originally in the sense «trample down»: perhaps from Old French fouler to full cloth, trample , from Latin fullo fuller . Ⅱ. foil [2] ► NOUN 1) metal h …   English terms dictionary

  • Foil — Foil, v. t. [See 6th {File}.] To defile; to soil. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • foil — I verb baffle, balk, be obstructive, bring to naught, cause to be nugatory, check, confound, counter, counteract, countermine, cripple, crush, dash, dash one s hopes, defeat, disable, disappoint, disrupt, eludere, frustrate, get in the way of,… …   Law dictionary

  • foil — [n] contrast antithesis, background, complement, counterblow, defense, guard, setting; concept 665 foil [v] circumvent, nip in the bud baffle, balk, beat, bilk, bollix*, buffalo*, check, checkmate, counter, crab, cramp, crimp, curb, dash, defeat …   New thesaurus

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